Lesson 12: Chord Tone and Guide Tones
Focus on Melody
Lesson 12 is the same as Lesson 11, but with one alteration: each time you move from one chord to a different chord, you will use guide tones to connect the harmonies. For example, if you choose to play scale degree 3 at the end of the B flat 7 chord in measure 1, you will begin measure 2 with scale degree 7 of the E flat 7 chord, as shown in the example below.
Connecting the harmonies with guide tones can help us create more melodic solos. The guide tones outline the harmonies and make a smoother transition from one chord to the next. Also, in this lesson, you will compose longer phrases. Instead of focusing on short two-measure riffs, create four-measure phrases.
Lesson 12 Assignment
Compose a solo on the B flat blues, using chord tones. Connect each harmonic change with guide tones, as shown in the example above. (For free blank staff paper, visit www.Music-Paper.com)
In measures 1 through 4, compose a four-measure phrase.
In measures 5 through 8, create a variation on the first phrase.
In measures 9 through 12, create a contrast to the phrase in measures 5 through 8.
Memorize the solo that you composed.
Improvise solos following the same guidelines as your composed solo. See Lesson 8 for a review of guide tones. Four-measure phrases can be harder to memorize than two-measure riffs. Improvise simple ideas and remember to connect each chord with guide tones.